However, the fire moved quickly down Pudding Lane and carried on down Fish Hill and towards the River Thames. It spread rapidly, helped by a strong wind from the east. When it reached the Thames it hit warehouses stocked with combustible products including as oil and tallow.
Why was the Great Fire of London important?
The Great Fire incinerated a medieval city and left 50,000 people temporarily homeless, but in its place a new London was built; a London which, though abundant with guilds, churches and a splendid new St Paul’s Cathedral, was an urban home fit for a major international trading centre.
What was the most significant consequence of the Great Fire of London?
In the first week of September 1666, the city was almost completely gutted by flames. The damage devastated the City of London, which the plague had already ravaged the year before. The fire turned many citizens into refugees and disrupted the economy of the entire nation.
How did the Great Fire of London change?
As a result of the Great Fire, 80% of the city was destroyed. As were over 13,200 houses, 87 churches, the Royal Exchange, Newgate Prison, Bridewell Palace and Europe’s third largest cathedral. The conflagration left up to 80,000 Londoners homeless, almost a fifth of the city’s population at the time.
Why is the Great Fire of 1666 so famous?
It destroyed 13,200 houses, 87 parish churches, St Paul’s Cathedral, and most of the buildings of the City authorities. It is estimated to have destroyed the homes of 70,000 of the City’s 80,000 inhabitants.
Why are thatched roofs no longer allowed in London?
Whilst thatched roofs remain popular in rural England it has long been regarded as a dangerous material in cities. London’s first building begulation, the ordinance of 1212, banned the use of thatch to try to avoid the rapid spread of fire from one building to another.
What did London look like after the great fire?
After the fire, new rules were brought in and every parish had to have two fire squirts, leather buckets and other fire equipment. The new designs for the City also included a requirement for a quayside to be opened up along the River Thames to make homes by the river accessible.
What happened after Great Fire of London?
The Fire blazed for four days but by the fifth day had mostly been extinguished. Only a small number of people died but around 13,000 houses and 87 churches were burnt down, including the original St Paul’s Cathedral.
Did the Great Fire of London wipe out the plague?
In 1666 the Great Fire of London destroyed much of the centre of London, but also helped to kill off some of the black rats and fleas that carried the plague bacillus. … In June 6137 people died, in July 17036 people and at its peak in August, 31159 people died.
Who was blamed for the Great Fire of London?
French watchmaker Robert Hubert confessed to starting the blaze and was hanged on October 27, 1666. Years later it was revealed he was at sea when the fire began, and could not have been responsible. There were other scapegoats, including people of Catholic faith and from overseas.
What happened to Thomas Farriner?
In the morning of 2nd September 1666, a fire broke out in his bakehouse. Farriner and his family escaped; their maid died, the first victim of what became the Great Fire of London. … He died in 1670 and was buried in the middle aisle of St Magnus Martyr, which had been merged with the parish of the destroyed St Margaret.
What did the Great Fire of London destroy?
In 1666, a devastating fire swept through London, destroying 13,200 houses, 87 parish churches, The Royal Exchange, Guildhall and St. Paul’s Cathedral.
What was life like in 1666 London?
London was a busy city in 1666. It was very crowded. The streets were narrow and dusty. The houses were made of wood and very close together.
Does Pudding Lane still exist?
Today Pudding Lane in the City of London is a fairly unexciting little street but there’s still a plaque marking the spot where the fire began – or at least ‘near this site’.
What did houses look like in 1666?
The houses in London in 1666 were mainly made of wood and had thatched roofs. The floors were covered in straw. The houses were built very close together and this helped the fire to spread from house to house.
What street did the Great Fire of London end?
In the early morning hours, the Great Fire of London breaks out in the house of King Charles II’s baker on Pudding Lane near London Bridge.