What was British colonial rule?

The British Empire was composed of the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates, and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states. It began with the overseas possessions and trading posts established by England between the late 16th and early 18th centuries.

What do you mean by British colonial rule?

n. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) (formerly) the United Kingdom and the territories under its control, which reached its greatest extent at the end of World War I when it embraced over a quarter of the world’s population and more than a quarter of the world’s land surface.

How did the British rule their colonies?

Each colony had its own government, but the British king controlled these governments. … This meant that they could not govern themselves and make their own laws. They had to pay high taxes to the king. They felt that they were paying taxes to a government where they had no representation.

What is colonial rule?

n. The policy or practice of a wealthy or powerful nation’s maintaining or extending its control over other countries, especially in establishing settlements or exploiting resources.

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How did Britain rule the world?

In the 16th Century, Britain began to build its empire – spreading the country’s rule and power beyond its borders through a process called ‘imperialism’. This brought huge changes to societies, industries, cultures and the lives of people all around the world.

What is Colonial in simple words?

Colonialism occurs when a country or a nation takes control of other lands, regions, or territories outside of its borders (boundaries of the country) by turning those other lands, regions, or territories into a colony. … Sometimes the words “colonialism” and “imperialism” are used to mean the same thing.

What is another word for Colonial?

In this page you can discover 54 synonyms, antonyms, idiomatic expressions, and related words for colonial, like: isolated, raw, wild, emigrant, harsh, unsettled, limited, hard, uncultured, new and distant.

How many countries are still under British rule?

There remain, however, 14 global territories which remain under the jurisdiction and sovereignty of the United Kingdom. Many of the former territories of the British Empire are members of the Commonwealth of Nations.

Why did the colonies fight the British?

The colonists fought the British because they wanted to be free from Britain. They fought the British because of unfair taxes. They fought because they didn’t have self-government. When the American colonies formed, they were part of Britain.

Why was England so powerful?

There is no doubt that Britain was powerful. It used its wealth, its armies and its navy to defeat rival European countries and to conquer local peoples to establish its empire. … In most of the empire Britain relied heavily on local people to make it work.

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What are four reasons for colonization?

They came to the Americas to escape poverty, warfare, political turmoil, famine and disease. They believed colonial life offered new opportunities.

What is the European colonial rule?

European colonialism and colonization was the policy or practice of acquiring full or partial political control over other societies and territories, founding a colony, occupying it with settlers, and exploiting it economically.

What does direct colonial rule look like?

Direct colonial rule is a form of colonialism that involves the establishment of a centralized foreign authority within a territory, which is run by colonial officials. … The opposite of direct colonial rule is indirect rule, which integrates pre-established local elites and native institutions into the government.

Did England rule the world?

At its height it was the largest empire in history and, for over a century, was the foremost global power. By 1913 the British Empire held sway over 412 million people, 23 per cent of the world population at the time, and by 1920 it covered 35,500,000 km2 (13,700,000 sq mi), 24 percent of the Earth’s total land area.

Why did British Empire fall?

The First and Second World Wars left Britain weakened and less interested in its empire. … Also many parts of the empire contributed troops and resources to the war effort and took an increasingly independent view. This led to a steady decline of the empire after 1945.

What countries are owned by Britain?

The UK Overseas Territories are:

  • Anguilla.
  • Bermuda.
  • British Antarctic Territory (BAT) – ASSI has no direct responsibility in relation to BAT as the Antarctic Treaty takes precedence.
  • British Indian Ocean Territory.
  • British Virgin Islands.
  • Cayman Islands.
  • Falkland Islands.
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