This increase was primarily due to a rise in fertility and a falling death rate and meant, in simple terms, that the country’s resources now had to be shared by a greater number of people. Added to this was the problem of rising prices.
Why did poverty increase in the Elizabethan era?
Increase in poverty
From the mid-1500s on the following factors contributed greatly to the problem of poverty. The population rose by a million during the Elizabethan period. More people meant there was more demand for goods, and so prices rose. … There was a decline in demand and this led to unemployment.
How was poverty dealt with in Elizabethan England?
National level – 1601 Poor Law
Poor Laws were key pieces of legislation: they brought in a compulsory nationwide Poor Rate system. everyone had to contribute and those who refused would go to jail. begging was banned and anyone caught was whipped and sent back to their place of birth.
What was the Elizabethan attitude towards the poor?
Unlike now, there was no welfare system or support for anyone who fell on hard times. Poverty was mostly considered to be your own fault in Elizabethan times – the belief that you had a ‘divinely appointed’ position in society was reinforced every week at church and this attitude was widely held.
Why did sheep farming cause poverty?
The increase in land required means that this land cannot be used for food crops, second that some food must be used to feed the sheep and cannot be used to feed people. Lastly, sheep farming is not as labour intensive as crop farming so some people became unemployed.
How did Elizabeth treat the poor?
The Poor Laws passed during the reign of Elizabeth I played a critical role in the country’s welfare. They signalled an important progression from private charity to welfare state, where the care and supervision of the poor was embodied in law and integral to the management of each town.
How did the Elizabethan Poor Law conceptualize the poor?
The Elizabethan Poor Law of 1601 required each parish to select two Overseers of the Poor. It was the job of the Overseer to set a poor tax for his or her parish based on need and collect money from landowners. A Poor Law was introduced in 1601 to address the issue.
How did the rich live in Elizabethan times?
The rich were keen to show off their wealth and social status. As a result of this wealth and the fact that times were more peaceful, they began to build and live in grand stately homes. … Famous examples of Elizabethan stately homes are Longleat House, Hardwick Hall and Burghley House.
What are the two types of Elizabethan Poor?
The first was the impotent or deserving poor. These poor were people who were unable to work due to being ill, disabled or simply being too old. Elizabethan society was often sympathetic to this type of being poor. On the other hand those who chose to not work but were able to were called able bodied or idle poor.
What were the two types of poor people in Elizabethan England?
There were two types of poor in Elizabethan England. The idle poor and the deserving poor. The Elizabethan wanted to help the idle poor. A second feature of was the introduction of the Poor Relief Act in 1576.
What was life like in the Elizabethan society?
Many turned to small crime, such as begging, picking pockets, and prostitution, simply to avoid starvation. There was little help for the sick, elderly, and orphans. The life expectancy, or average life span, of an Elizabethan was only 42 years, but it was much lower among the urban poor.
How were actors treated in Elizabethan England?
The Reputation of Elizabethan actors
Many were viewed as Rogues and Vagabonds. Actors were not trusted. Travelling Elizabethan Actors were considered such a threat that that regulations were imposed and licenses were granted to the aristocracy for the maintenance of troupes of players.
What were the idle poor?
those who could work but would not: these were the idle poor. They were to be whipped through the streets, publicly, until they learned the error of their ways. those who were too old/ill/young to work: these were the impotent or deserving poor.
What are the main causes of poverty?
What are the causes of poverty? Explain in at least 5 points
- Increase rate of rising population: …
- Less productivity in agriculture: …
- Less utilization of resources: …
- A short rate of economic development: …
- Increasing price rise: …
- Unemployment: …
- Shortage of capital and able entrepreneurship: …
- Social factors:
What were the three categories of the poor?
The poor were divided into three groups by the government. The first were called Helpless Poor. These would include the old, the sick, the disabled and children. The elderly and the disabled received a sum of money and possibly some food each week.
Why did the cloth trade collapse?
Trade: In the 1550s, the cloth trade – England’s main trade for centuries – collapsed. Merchants needed new markets for their goods, and new goods to sell. They wanted a sea route to India or China, so they didn’t have to rely on overland merchants.